2/1/2022

Strategy Pattern Sequence Diagram

  1. Strategy Pattern Sequence Diagram Examples
  2. Strategy Pattern Sequence Diagram Maker
  3. Simple Sequence Diagram
  4. Sequence Diagram Tool
  5. Find Sequence Pattern

According to GoF definition, observer pattern defines a one-to-many dependency between objects so that when one object changes state, all its dependents are notified and updated automatically. It is also referred to as the publish-subscribe pattern.

In observer pattern, there are many observers (subscriber objects) that are observing a particular subject (publisher object). Observers register themselves to a subject to get a notification when there is a change made inside that subject.

A observer object can register or unregister from subject at any point of time. It helps is making the objects objects loosely coupled.

UML Class Diagram Template of Design Patterns for Strategy-You can edit this template and create your own diagram.Creately diagrams can be exported and added to Word, PPT (powerpoint), Excel, Visio or any other document.

1. When to use observer design pattern

As described above, when you have a design a system where multiple entities are interested in any possible update to some particular second entity object, we can use the observer pattern.

The flow is very simple to understand. Application creates the concrete subject object. All concrete observers register themselves to be notified for any further update in the state of subject.

As soon as the state of subject changes, subject notifies all the registered observers and the observers can access the updated state and act accordingly.

2. Real world example of observer pattern

  • A real world example of observer pattern can be any social media platform such as Facebook or twitter. When a person updates his status – all his followers gets the notification.

    A follower can follow or unfollow another person at any point of time. Once unfollowed, person will not get the notifications from subject in future.

  • In programming, observer pattern is the basis of message oriented applications. When a application has updated it’s state, it notifies the subscribers about updates. Frameworks like HornetQ, JMS work on this pattern.
  • Similarly, Java UI based programming, all keyboard and mouse events are handled by it’s listeners objects and designated functions. When user click the mouse, function subscribed to the mouse click event is invoked with all the context data passed to it as method argument.

3. Observer design pattern

Sequence

In Template pattern, an abstract class exposes defined way(s)/template(s) to execute its methods. Its subclasses can override the method implementation as per need but the invocation is to be in the same way as defined by an abstract class. Sequence diagram is one of the interactiondiagrams that exist in UML. Sequence diagram represents the timing order of message that are communicated between objects that exist in model Objects that are used in model 1. Sequence diagram for placement management system: 18. Observer Pattern Sequence Diagram 2. Real world example of observer pattern. A real world example of observer pattern can be any social media platform such as Facebook or twitter. When a person updates his status – all his followers gets the notification.

3.1. Architecture

3.2. Design participants

The observer pattern has four participants.

  • Subject – interface or abstract class defining the operations for attaching and de-attaching observers to the subject.
  • ConcreteSubject – concrete Subject class. It maintain the state of the object and when a change in the state occurs it notifies the attached Observers.
  • Observer – interface or abstract class defining the operations to be used to notify this object.
  • ConcreteObserver – concrete Observer implementations.

4. Observer design pattern example

In below example, I am creating a message publisher of type Subject and three subscribers of type Observer. Publisher will publish the message periodically to all subscribed or attached observers and they will print the updated message to console.

Subject and ConcreteSubject

Strategy Pattern Sequence Diagram Examples

Observer and ConcreteObservers

State object

Strategy Pattern Sequence Diagram Maker

This must be an immutable object so that no class can modify it’s content by mistake.

Now test the communication between publisher and subscribers.

Program output.

5. FAQs

Simple Sequence Diagram

  • Can different types of observers register to one subject?

    The nature and functionality of observers can be different but they all must implement the one common Observer interface which the subject support for registering and deregistering.

  • Can I add or remove observers at runtime?

    Yes. We can add or remove the observers at any point of time.

  • Difference between observer pattern and chain of responsibility pattern?

    In an observer pattern, all registered handler objects get notifications at the same time and they process the update at same time.

    But in a chain of responsibility pattern, handler objects in the chain are notified one by one, and this process continues until one object fully handles the notification.

  • Benefits of the observer pattern?

    The subject and observers make a loosely coupled system. They do not need to know each other explicitly. We can independently add or remove observers at any time.

Sequence Diagram Tool

Related Java classes:

Find Sequence Pattern

Observer Java Doc
Observable Java Doc