2/1/2022

Charging Cycle

  • PRODUCTS
  • INFORMATION

A charge cycle is the process of charging a rechargeable battery and discharging it as required into a load.The term is typically used to specify a battery's expected life, as the number of charge cycles affects life more than the mere passage of time.

Charging Cycle For Lithium Ion Batteries

  1. A charge cycle is a complete charge and discharge on a rechargeable battery. People use a charge cycle on a battery every time they drain a battery while powering a device, the battery having been charged before use or purchase.
  2. There are two main approaches to charging up a deep cycle battery. The first is to charge the battery while it’s on the boat already, in the fixed position. The second is to take the battery out of the boat and make use of a portable charging unit to top the battery up to full. How to Go About Charging the Battery.

A battery charge cycle describes the voltage and current relationship in a battery as the charger returns the energy capacity to the battery. Different battery chemistries, such as lead acid, Ni-Cad, etc. require different methods of charging. The two charging cycles described below, the maintenance charging cycle and the three state charging cycle, are for lead-acid batteries.

Maintenance charging cycle

Maintenance type chargers are useful in applications such as battery storage and where there is no requirement to return 100% of the battery capacity by the maintainer.

The Chargetek 150 is a maintenance charger. Maintenance type chargers are useful in applications such as battery storage and where there is no requirement to return 100% of the battery capacity by the maintainer. Maintenance chargers are often used where the primary charging source, such as an alternator, is used infrequently. The battery charge is maintained over the long term by the maintenance charger. Please refer to the figure below.

Stage 1: Constant current charging or bulk charge mode

How To Find Charging Cycle On Macbook Air

Assuming the battery is starting in a discharged state, the charger is operating in constant current mode, where the charger current is maintained at a constant value and the battery voltage is allowed to rise as it is being recharged. Approximately 80% of battery capacity is returned in the constant current region.

Stage 2: Float mode

The Float mode follows the constant current mode. Float mode is where the battery voltage is maintained at approximately 2.25 volts per cell, or 13.5 volts for a 12V battery. This charger will maintain the battery indefinately without boiling out electrolyte or overcharging the battery.

Three stage charging cycle

Three stage charging is the method most lead acid battery manufacturers recommend as the best and most efficient way to return full capacity to the battery and extend battery life. All Chargetek lead acid chargers except the CT150 (which is a maintenance charger) are three stage chargers and return full capacity. Please refer to the figure below.

Stage 1: Constant current charging or bulk charge mode

Assuming the battery is starting in a discharged state, the charger is operating in constant current mode, where the charger current is maintained at a constant value and the battery voltage is allowed to rise as it is being recharged. Approximately 80% of battery capacity is returned in the constant current region.

Stage 2: Absorption mode

Charging Cylinder Refrigerant

Cycle

When the battery voltage reaches approximately 2.4 volts per cell, or 14.6 volts for a 12V battery, the charger voltage is held constant at this level and the battery current is allowed to reduce. It is this region where the last 20% of battery capacity is returned. This voltage level is maintained until the battery current reduces to approximately C/50 to C/100, where C is the amp-hour rating of the battery. For instance, if it is a 100 amp-hour battery, the voltage should be maintained at 2.5V per cell until the current decreases to 1-2 amps. The exact amount is not usually critical.

Lithium Battery Charging Cycle

Stage 3: Float mode

At the point where the current is reduced to C/50 to C/100, the battery charger enters float mode. Float mode is where the voltage on the battery is maintained at approximately 2.25 volts per cell, or 13.5 volts for a 12V battery. This voltage will maintain the full charge condition in the battery without boiling our electrolyte or overcharging the battery.

Four stage charging cycle

Four stage charging supplies constant current to battery until absorption voltage is reached (VFSTERM). Transition to absorption mode follows and regulates battery voltage at VFSTERM until current decreases to IABTERM. Float mode follows and regulates battery voltage at VFL. At the user's discretion, an equalization mode can be initiated.

Stages 1, 2, and 3: see the descriptions above under three stage charging cycle

Stage 4: Equalization mode

The purpose of the equalization mode is to remove the sulphation from the lead plates and to eliminate the stratification of the electrolyte. Approximately 2.5-2.6 volts per cell is applied to the battery with the charging current set to a very low value, typically less than 0.5 amp. The equalization mode may last anywhere from a few hours to over 24 hours depending upon circumstances.

For more information about equalization and desulphation, seethis presentation.



Chargetek, Inc.
1860 Eastman Avenue Unit 109
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone: (805) 482-7930
Fax: (805) 482-7936
www.chargetek.com
HomeProduct overviewCK & CT 150Custom chargers
AboutProduct selector guideCT 500Rapid charging technology
Sales inquiriesBattery charger basicsDPICWaterproof battery chargers
ContactChoosing a chargerRTIC-WPFan cooled battery chargers
SitemapCharging system configurationsRTIC-FCAC/DC battery chargers
GlossaryTPRODC/DC battery chargers
FAQsAPLCLithium battery chargers
DPLC
© 2015 Chargetek, Inc.