2/1/2022

# Amp Hours

(Redirected from Ampere-hour)
ampere hour
Rechargeable batteries
Top: AA battery (2500 mA⋅h)
Bottom: AAA battery (1000 mA⋅h)
General information
Unit systemNon-SI metric unit
Unit ofElectric charge
SymbolA⋅h
Conversions
1 A⋅h in ...... is equal to ...
SI units3600 C
Electrostatic units1.079253×1013 statC
Electromagnetic units360 abC
Gaussian units1.079253×1013 Fr

An ampere hour or amp hour (symbol: A⋅h or A h; often also unofficially denoted as Ah) is a unit of electric charge, having dimensions of electric current multiplied by time, equal to the charge transferred by a steady current of one ampere flowing for one hour, or 3,600 coulombs.[1][2]

1938: Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act, which required employers to pay overtime to all employees who worked more than 44 hours a week. They amended the act two years later to reduce the work week to 40 hours. 1940: The 40-hour work week became U.S. Most Immigrants Arriving at Ellis Island in 1907 Were Processed in a Few Hours. No passports or visas were needed to enter the United States through Ellis Island at this time. In fact, no papers. May 31, 2019 Amp-hours measure an amount of current, while watt-hours are a measure of electrical power. However, all you need to do is convert watts to watt-hours, and then you can use a simple equation to convert watt-hours to amp-hours. Before completing the calculation, you need to understand what the terms mean and find out the voltage of the battery.

The commonly seen milliampere hour (symbol: mA⋅h, mA h, or unofficially mAh) is one-thousandth of an ampere hour (3.6 coulombs).

## Use

The ampere hour is frequently used in measurements of electrochemical systems such as electroplating and for battery capacity where the commonly known nominalvoltage is dropped.

A milliampere second (mA⋅s) is a unit of measure used in X-ray imaging, diagnostic imaging, and radiation therapy. It is equivalent to a millicoulomb. This quantity is proportional to the total X-ray energy produced by a given X-ray tube operated at a particular voltage.[3] The same total dose can be delivered in different time periods depending on the X-ray tube current.

To help express energy, computation over charge values in ampere hour requires precise data of voltage: in a battery system, for example, accurate calculation of the energy delivered requires integration of the power delivered (product of instantaneous voltage and instantaneous current) over the discharge interval.[4] Generally, the battery voltage varies during discharge; an average value or nominal value may be used to approximate the integration of power.[5]

## Other measures of electric charge

The Faraday constant is the charge on one mole of electrons, approximately equal to 26.8 ampere hours. It is also used in electrochemical calculations.

## Examples

• An AA sizedry cell has a capacity of about 2 to 3 ampere hours.
• An average smartphone battery usually has between 2.5 and 4 ampere hours of electric capacity.
• Automotive car batteries vary in capacity but a large automobile propelled by an internal combustion engine would have about a 50 ampere hour battery capacity.
• Since one ampere hour can produce 0.336 grams of aluminium from molten aluminium chloride, producing a ton of aluminium requires transfer of at least 2.98 million ampere hours.[6]

## References

1. ^'electric charge (Symbol Q). IEV 113-02-10'. electropedia.org. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). 2020. Retrieved 2020-09-20. Note 7 to entry: The coherent SI unit of electric charge is coulomb, C. The unit ampere hour is used for electrolytic devices, such as storage batteries: 1 A·h = 3,6 kC.
2. ^Thompson, Ambler; Taylor, Barry N. (2008). Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI). NIST Special Publication 811(PDF) (2nd ed.). Gaithersburg: National Institute of Standards and Technology. p. 45. To convert from ampere hour (A·h) ... to coulomb (C) ... Multiply by 3.6 E+03
3. ^X-ray Safety Handbook, 9.0 Terms and Definitions, VirginiaTech Environmental, Health and Safety ServicesArchived July 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
4. ^Efty Abir, Najrul Islam (2016). 'How to Calculate Amp Hours – Learn of Convert Watts to Amps'. Leo Evans. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
5. ^National Research Council (U.S.) (2004). Meeting the energy needs of future warriors. National Academies Press. p. 27. ISBN0-309-09261-2.
6. ^T. L. Brown, H. E. Lemay Jr, 'Chemistry the Central Science', Prentice-Hall, 1977 ISBN0-13-128769-9 page 562

Many readers may be confused by the various terminology associated with the batteries used in cordless electric tools, whether they might be for lawn and garden or other applications.

Often when researching and selecting products, people will come upon the term amp hours, abbreviated as Ah. This can be confusing and intimidating. If you are interested in cordless electric tools of any sort, at some point, you will want battery amp hours explained to you. However, amp hours isn’t the only important thing to understand about the batteries that power your tools.

Why is all of this important? Read on to find out.

### Why Should We Care?

I want to avoid confusion first by digging down to the basics. What is anyone really interested in when they are researching and shopping for cordless electric lawn and garden tools? I’m talking apart from things like the quality of the machine, how well it works, how comfortable it is to use.

When it comes to the battery specifically, we care about how much power it will provide, and how long the charge will last for in terms of time spent doing work. What really counts is power and work time in real-world situations.

### OK. So What is an Amp Hour Then?

Amp hour is actually itself an abbreviation for ampere hour.

An ampere is the base unit of electric current. Think of electric current like water flowing through a pipe. The more current there is, the more work can be done. The more water flowing through the pipe, the more current there is. The wider the pipe, the more “amps” it has. With electricity, the more electrons flowing through a wire, the more current, or amps, there are.

The amount of current that a machine draws as it operates is measured in amperes, or more commonly, amps.

An amp hour is a number for a battery that means if a machine is drawing that number of amps from the battery, then the charge will be drained in one hour. After one hour of use, the battery will run out and need to be recharged.

### Wow. That is Confusing. How About Some Real Examples?

Let’s say you have a cordless electric lawn mower that on average draws 2.5 amps while you’re using it.

• If you have a 2.5 amp hour battery (normally this would be listed as a 2.5Ah battery), then it will last for approximately one hour of use.
• If you have a 5.0Ah battery, then it will last for approximately two hours of use for that same lawn mower.
• A 7.5Ah battery will last about three hours, and so on.

Note that in the real world the time differences may not be exact. Machines don’t draw a constant amount of current. Many conditions can affect how long the charge on a battery will last. Even the weather can affect battery charge duration.

Generally speaking, the higher the Ah rating on a battery, the longer it will last you.

Also, generally speaking, the higher the Ah rating, the bigger and heavier the battery will be. I typically use a smaller, lighter but lower Ah rated battery for my cordless weed trimmer than I do for my lawn mower. I am carrying my weed trimmer and lighter weight is a great thing. The battery weight doesn’t have a real impact when I’m rolling my lawn mower around.

Batteries don’t just have an amp hour rating. They also have a voltage rating! So what does voltage mean and why should we care about it?

Voltage is a measure mean of power. The unit of voltage is the volt, abbreviated as V. If electricity is similar to water flowing through a pipe, I mentioned that the wider the pipe, the more “amps” you have. Now, if you tilt one end of the pipe higher and higher, you are increasing the power the water can provide, as it pours out of the lower end. This is increasing the “volts”, in our example. Voltage is the pressure with which electrons are driven through the wire. Amps means how many electrons are passing by and volts mean how much pressure they are being driven by.

### You Lost Me Again. Why Do We Care About Battery Volts?

Remember that volts means power.

• A 56 volt (normally this would be listed as a 56V battery) is going to have more power than a 40V battery.
• Power is important when it comes to how much work a machine can do.
• Tools that are made to do tough jobs generally need more power.
• For example, if you want a cordless chainsaw like mine that can cut through large or tough trees, the higher the voltage on the battery it uses, the better your chances of success.

### Time Out! I See my Battery Has a Wh Capacity?

No need to panic.

Wh stands for watt hour. A watt is just a measure of electricity that factors in both amps and volts. A watt is defined as current flow of one amp with one volt.

If the above statement is about to give you a headache, have no fear.

For the purposes of lawn and garden tools, you can think of watt hour (Wh) interchangeably with amp hour (Ah). Wh just factors in voltage, where Ah does not.

But what really counts is that the higher the Wh OR the higher the Ah, the longer the charge in the battery will last.

Higher is better for both, but as a reminder the higher the value, often the bigger and heavier the battery will be.

If you’re a bit of a math or physics geek, to get the watt hours, you just multiply the voltage by the amp hours.

• A 56V, 4Ah battery has 224Wh capacity (56 x 4 = 224).
• A 40V, 2Ah battery has 80Wh capactiy (40 x 2 = 80).

Don’t worry! There won’t be a test.

### Wait. What About What Type of Battery is Used?

You might logically at his point start to wonder about the best type of battery for your needs.

I may delve into this in more detail in the future, but for the purpose of this discussion, when it comes to cordless electric lawn and garden tools, the choice is clear. You want a system that uses lithium-ion batteries.

Lithium-ion batteries may be abbreviated as Li-ion batteries or LIB.

## Amp Hours 20

These are the advantages of LIB, and why you will find them in all the best cordless lawn and garden tools.

1. Lots of power – volts!
2. High capacity – amp hours!
3. They can be recharged many, many times.
4. They have little to no memory effect. Memory effect happens in other types of batteries, so it’s not a concern for us here, although it can be a major problem with certain battery materials.

### Now You Know What You Need.

Now you have the most important information when it comes to evaluating the power source for your cordless electric lawn and garden tools.

## Car Battery Amp Hours Rating

I recommend when you are shopping for a cordless electric lawn and garden tool, you should look at the entire system that the manufacturer offers. Most commonly, there will be an interchangeable battery that can power all the various tools. Manufacturers will offer a variety of batteries that will all fit your tools, but will vary by amp hours.

When it comes to amp hours and volts as well, for lawn and garden tools, higher is better! But do remember that higher amp hours will mean higher battery weight, and of course cost as well. Sometimes materials used in batteries might affect weight. So it is possible to have a 2Ah and a 2.5Ah battery both with the same voltage that weigh the same amount (example).

## Amp Hours Explained

I wanted to wrap up by mentioning I feel it is very important to have at least one spare battery. I currently have three batteries for my system, and they are two different sizes. I mentioned that I used the smallest one for my weed trimmer. When you have spare batteries, you can always have a backup battery charged and ready to go so you don’t need to wait to continue working.